Clinical consequences of iron deficiency

Iron deficiency and iron deficiency anaemia have been associated with a number of clinical consequences:

  • anaemia
  • decreased memory, impaired learning and concentration
  • impaired immune function
  • decreased aerobic sports performance
  • decreased work productivity
  • fatigue
  • adverse pregnancy outcomes:
    • increased risk of low birth weight
    • increased risk of prematurity
    • increased risk of maternal morbidity
  • infant motor and mental function delay
  • increased risk of transfusion and associated outcomes


    1. Gastroenterological Society of 
      AustraliaClinical update: Iron deficiency, Updated 2015. 
      SydneyAustralia, Digestive Health Foundation, 2015. Available from:
    2. Pasricha SR, Flecknoe-Brown SC, Allen KJ, Gibson PR, McMahon LP, Olynyk JK, et al. Diagnosis and management of iron deficiency anaemia: a clinical update. MJA 2010;193:525–532. Available from:


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